Thomas E. Kilby
|36th Governor of Alabama|
January 20, 1919 – January 15, 1923
|Lieutenant||Nathan L. Miller|
|Preceded by||Charles Henderson|
|Succeeded by||William W. Brandon|
|8th Lieutenant Governor of Alabama|
January 18, 1915 – January 20, 1919
|Preceded by||Walter D. Seed Sr.|
|Succeeded by||Nathan L. Miller|
|Member of the Alabama Senate|
Thomas Erby Kilby
July 9, 1865
Lebanon, Tennessee, U.S.
|Died||October 22, 1943 (aged 78)|
Anniston, Alabama, U.S.
|Resting place||Highland Cemetery|
|Spouse||Mary Elizabeth Clark|
Kilby was born in Lebanon, Tennessee, and was educated in public schools. In 1887, he was an agent for the Georgia-Pacific Railroad in Anniston, Alabama. He became a successful businessman in the industrial and banking business.
Kilby served as Lieutenant Governor of Alabama from 1915 to 1919 and as Governor of Alabama from 1919 to 1923 In September 1919 two Black men Miles Phifer and Robert Crosky were arrested over allegations they assaulted two white women in separate incidents in Montgomery, Alabama. A mob quickly formed, and a concerned citizen notified Governor Thomas Kilby that there might be a lynching. Kilby ordered the two to be transferred to the relative safety of prison in Wetumpka, Alabama. Nevertheless, they were intercepted and lynched by a White mob on September 29, 1919.
In 1920, Kilby arbitrated the settlement of the lengthy and violent 1920 Alabama coal strike, ruling clearly against the demands of the United Mine Workers of America. The Child Welfare Department was created in 1919 during Kilby's governorship.
Kilby married Mary Elizabeth Clark on June 5, 1894. They had three children.
Death and legacy
Kilby died on October 22, 1943, in Anniston, Alabama at 78. He is buried at Highland Cemetery in Anniston.
The old Kilby Prison and the current Kilby Correctional Facility are named for Thomas Kilby.
- "Thomas Erby Kilby". Alabama Department of Archives & History. Archived from the original on May 3, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
- "Thomas E. Kilby (1919-23)". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
- "Alabama Centennial Half Dollar". The Coin Site. Archived from the original on October 3, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
- "Thomas E. Kilby in Local and State Government". AbeBooks. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
- Biography courtesy of the Alabama Department of Archives Archived May 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- Thomas Erby Kilby at Find a Grave
- Encyclopedia of Alabama